Mouth and Tooth Care

About This Project

In order to have healthy teeth and gums, teeth must be brushed at least twice a day – once afterbreakfast and once before going to bed. However the important thing about brushing one’s teeth is to know the right way for it.

 

Choice of Toothbrush
Choice of tootbrush is important for mouth and tooth care. Toothbrushes vary according to their size, shape, the arrangement of bristles on the toothbrush and hardness. A good toothbrush must be able to reach all the areas in one’smouth. Functionality and ease of use are two important factors in toothbrushselection. There are two kinds of bristles on a toothbrush – natural andartificial. Even though both of these kinds are quite efficient, plastic bristles have more advantage over others because of their durability, elasticity, and standardization in their sizes. Natural toothbrush bristles areeasily deformed and splintered, thus increasing risk of contamination.

 

It is recommended to use brushes with medium hardness and with rounded bristles. Theproperties of a toothbrush’s handle is completely up to the user. A handle thatis easy-to-use and that feels comfortable in the user’s hand should bepreferred. In conclusion, a brush with a straight handle, a smooth surface,rounded edges, plastic bristles, and of medium hardness should be preferred andthe toothbrush must be replaced with a new one every 3 months.

 

Electric Toothbrushes
Many people preferelectric toothbrushes nowadays, thinking they’re more effective than manualtoothbrushes. However as long as one is able to use his / her hands, electrictoothbrushes have no advantage over manual toothbrushes. The important thing isto use the toothbrush correctly.

 

Toothpaste
There are several toothpastes with differing features on the market today. By adding various substances in toothpastes, dental companies are trying to come up with ways toprevent problems such as dental plaques, caries, tartars, and dental sensitivity. The preventive and reducing effects of fluoride on caries havebeen proven.  Therefore toothpastes withfluoride should be preferred.

 

The toothpaste with the size of a pea must be inserted between the bristles of the toothbrush, and mustbe kept in touch with the teeth throughout the brushing process. Toothpastes are only facilitating agents for the brushing process. The size and thequantity of the particles in a toothpaste is directly proportional to the wearof the surface of the teeth during this process. These highly abrasive toothpastes with a claim to whiten the teeth should not be preferred ifpossible.

 

In conclusion,toothpastes that offers protection over long time spans with fluoride should beused, and should be switched with a new type every once in a while in order toapply differing abrasive features.

 

Brushing Techniques
Brushing should be donein a certain order. The teeth on the lower jaw and the teeth on the upper jawshould be brushed separately. The brushing order should be as follows: First the frontal teeth, then inner teeth, and then the chewing surfaces. The rearsides of the posterior teeth and the surface of the tongue should also be includedin the brushing process. Not all areas can be cleaned up unless the teeth arebrushed in a certain order. The toothbrush should be dry while brushing theteeth. Since the bristles soften when they’re wet, a complete cleaning cannotbe achieved.

 

The toothbrush should be positioned with half of it on the teethand the other half on the gums with a 45 degree angle. By applying a mixture ofreciprocating and circular motions, it is ensured that the bristles get insidethe gingival crevicular that lies between the teeth and the gums. This motionshould be applied to every brushing area for about 15 – 20 times – a brushingarea being the size of the toothbrush. The same method is applied to the innersurfaces. The toothbrush can be perpendicular to the frontal areas whilebrushing the inner surfaces.

 

The chewing surfaces of the teeth should be brushed with a reciprocating motion. The mouth should be rinsed once or twice after the brushing process. This will cause the fluoride to be more effectivesince the toothpaste does not get ejected completely. The brushing processshould take about 3-4 minutes. All of the dental surface should be brushed. One should not exert too much force while brushing. Exerting too much force and preferring toothbrushes with hard bristles cause wear on the teeth.

 

Bad breath is called halitosis in dentistry. Bad breath is a very serious problem that will causepeople to drift apart from you no matter how well – kept you are. Bad breath hasa negative effect on both private and social lives.

 

The Pediatric Dentist Gulcan Unsal in Kuşadası Lotus Dental Clinic gives information to children about mouth and tooth care.